How To Treat Mental Illness?

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. Your Mental health encompasses emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It is extremely important to have a least basic knowledge on how to treat metal illness. Since your metal health influences your cognition, perception, and behavior having knowledge in the subject is a must. Your mental health also determines how you handle stress, interpersonal relationships, and decision-making.

Mental health includes your subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and your self-actualization of your intellectual and emotional potential, among others.

From the perspectives of positive psychology or holism, mental health may include your ability to enjoy life and to create a balance between your life activities and your efforts to achieve psychological resilience.

Your mental health also play an important role in cultural differences.  Your subjective assessments, and competing professional theories can affects how you defines “mental health”.

Some early signs related to mental health problems are sleep irritation, lack of energy and thinking of harming yourself or others.

What is Mental Illness?

A mental illness, mental disorder, or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

This may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as single episodes. Many disorders have signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. Such disorders may be diagnose by a mental health professional, usually a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist.

The causes of mental disorders are often unclear. Theories may incorporate findings from a range of fields. Mental illness are define by a combination of how a person behaves, feels, perceives, or thinks. This may be associated with regions or functions of the brain, often in a social context. A mental disorder is one aspect of mental health. Cultural and religious beliefs, as well as social norms, should be considered when making a diagnosis.

Services are based in psychiatric hospitals or in the community, and assessments are carried out by mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and clinical social workers, using various methods such as psychometric tests but often relying on observation and questioning. Treatments are provided by various mental health professionals. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options. Other treatments include lifestyle changes, social interventions, peer support, and self-help. In a minority of cases, there might be involuntary detention or treatment. Prevention programs have been shown to reduce depression.

Mental Illness Statistics Worldwide

In 2019, common mental disorders around the globe include depression, which affects about 264 million, bipolar disorder, which affects about 45 million, dementia, which affects about 50 million, and schizophrenia and other psychoses, which affects about 20 million people. Neurodevelopmental disorders include intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders which usually arise in infancy or childhood.

Stigma and discrimination can add to the suffering and disability associated with mental disorders, leading to various social movements attempting to increase understanding and challenge social exclusion.

Mental Health Care Navigator

Mental health care navigation helps to guide patients and families through the fragmented, often confusing mental health industries. Care navigators work closely with patients and families through discussion and collaboration. Care navigator provide information on best therapies as well as referrals to practitioners and facilities.

The difference between therapy and care navigation is that the health care navigation process provides information and directs patients to therapy rather than providing therapy. Still, care navigators may offer diagnosis and treatment planning. Though many care navigators are also trained therapists and doctors.

Care navigation is the link between the patient and the below therapies. A clear recognition that mental health requires medical intervention was demonstrated in a study by Kessler et al. of the prevalence and treatment of mental disorders from 1990 to 2003 in the United States. Despite the prevalence of mental health disorders remaining unchanged during this period, the number of patients seeking treatment for mental disorders increased threefold.

9 Steps To Treat Mental Illness

It is possible to recover from mental health problems. So many people recover from metal illness and especially after getting support. Your symptoms may return from time to time. But when you’ve discover which self-care techniques and treatments work best for you, you’re more likely to feel confident in managing these symptoms.

The following are the 9 most significant steps to treat mental illness and recover your mental stability.

Pharmacotherapy Treatment

Pharmacotherapy is a therapy that uses pharmaceutical drugs. It is uses in the treatment of mental illness using antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and the use of elements such as lithium. It can only be prescribe it by a medical professional  in the field of Psychiatry.

Can Physical Activity Help To Treat Mental Illness

Physical exercise can improve mental illness and physical health. Playing sports, walking, cycling, or doing any form of physical activity trigger the production of various hormones, sometimes including endorphins, which can elevate a person’s mood.

Studies have shown that physical activity can have the same impact as antidepressants to treat depression and anxiety.

Physical exercise may also have help with  some mental health conditions like depression and anxiety. This could lead to many different negative outcomes such as obesity, skewed body image, lower levels of certain hormones, and many more health risks associated with mental illnesses.

Activity Therapies

Activity therapy are also call recreation therapy, and occupational therapy. It promote healing through active engagement. For example, occupational therapy can be practicing an activity that improves your daily life like self-care. Recreational therapy focuses on movement like walking, yoga, or riding a bike.

Each of these therapies have proven to improve mental health and have resulted in healthier, happier individuals. Many studies shows that coloring activity can significantly lower the levels of depressive symptoms and anxiety.

Expressive Therapies

Expressive therapies or creative arts therapies are a form of psychotherapy that involves the arts or artmaking. These therapies include art therapy, music therapy, drama therapy, dance therapy, and poetry therapy. Music therapy is an effective way of helping people with a mental health disorder. Drama therapy is approved by NICE for the treatment of psychosis.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is the general term for the scientific based treatment of mental health issues based on modern medicine. It includes several schools, like gestalt therapy; psychoanalysis; cognitive behavioral therapy; psychedelic therapy; transpersonal psychology/psychotherapy; and dialectical behavioral therapy. Group therapy involves any type of therapy that takes place in a setting involving multiple people. It can include psychodynamic groups, expressive therapy groups, support groups (including the Twelve-step program), problem-solving and psychoeducation groups.

Self-Compassion

According to Neff, self-compassion consists of three main positive components and their negative counterparts. Self-Kindness versus Self-Judgement, Common Humanity versus Isolation and Mindfulness versus Over-Identification. Furthermore, there is evidence from a study by Shin & Lin suggesting specific components of self-compassion can predict specific dimensions of positive mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being).

Meditation And Mindfulness

Meditation and Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. A woman towards the right and a man towards the left. Both sitting cross legged with their eyes closed. Their hands resting on their knees with their palms facing up.

Mindfulness meditation has mental health benefits, like reductions in depression, anxiety, and stress. Mindfulness meditation  is also effective to reduce the use of substance for treatment.

Mental Fitness

Mental fitness is a mental health movement that encourages people to intentionally regulate and maintain their emotional wellbeing. This can be through friendship, regular human contact, and activities. These activities may include meditation, calming exercises, aerobic exercise, mindfulness, having a routine and maintaining adequate sleep.

Mental fitness can help to build resilience against every-day mental health challenges to prevent an escalation of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. And help them cope with the escalation of those feelings if they occur.

Spiritual Counseling

Spiritual counsellors meet with people in need to offer comfort and support. It help them gain a better understanding of their issues and develop a problem-solving relation with spirituality. These types of counselors deliver care based on spiritual, psychological, and theological principles. Spiritual wellness is an important part of full mind and body wellness. It isn’t necessary to be religious to connect with your spiritual self.

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